The ARISG-I was developed to estimate the aerosol deposition in the near-field of tube breach under dry conditions. It was based on ‘filter concept’, which means that aerosol flowing through a bundle of obstacles is submitted to forces that tend to clean up the gas by removing particles onto obstacle surfaces. Under SGTR conditions, the major deposition mechanisms in the break stage are turbulent deposition and inertial impaction.
ARIGS is one of the programs on the aerosol retention on the tubes surrounding the breach within the secondary side of the steam generator in the absence of water. Its development has been internationally framed within the EU-SGTR and the ARTIST programs. Experimental activities were focused on setting up a reliable database in which the influence of gas mass flow rate, breach configuration and particle nature in the aerosol retention are properly considered. Theoretical activities are aimed at developing a predictive tool (ARISG) capable of assessing source term attenuation in the scenario with reasonable accuracy. Given the major importance of jet aerodynamics, 3D CFD analyses are being conducted to assist both test interpretation and model development.
ARISG-I was a step forward in the modeling of the aerosol retention of the steam generator. According to this analysis the main areas where research is needed are: gas jet behavior across the tube bank; particle resuspension, erosion, and/or bouncing; and particle inertial impaction and turbulent deposition under foreseen conditions.