FARO

Type of Facility: Corium

  FARO

FARO (Furnace And Release Oven) experimental facility began the experiments of the LWR-MFCI phenomena in 1990 in collaboration with several reactor safety research organizations from European Union member countries and with the participation of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Description

The JRC-Ispra FARO plant was a large multipurpose test facility in which reactor severe accidents could be simulated by out-of-pile experiments. A quantity in the order of up to 200 kg of oxide fuel type melts (up to 3000 °C) could be produced in the FARO furnace, possibly mixed with metallic components, and delivered to a test section containing a water pool at an initial pressure up to 5.0 MPa. The reference scenario of the current test series is relevant to a postulated in-vessel core melt down accident when jets of molten corium penetrate into the lower plenum water pool, fragment and settle on the lower head.
 
Quenching: Investigation of basic phenomenologies relevant to the fragmentation and quenching of molten material into the water coolant at different initial pressure and water subcooling. 12 Tests have been performed: 5 at 50 bar initial pressure, 1 at 20 bar and 6 tests at pressure lower than 5 bar. In the last test an external trigger was applied to the molten mixture.

Objectives:

  • investigation of basic phenomenologies relevant to the progression of severe accidents in water cooled reactors with particular emphasis on the interaction of molten fuel with coolant and/or structures under both in-vessel and ex-vessel postulated severe accident conditions.
  • Provision of an Experimental Data Base for the Development and Improvement of Analytical Models and the Independent Assessment of Large System Codes used in LWR Safety Analysis.

Facility is dismanteled.


Organization: 
Attachment: 
Type of Facility: 
Corium
Number of experiments:
15