Type of Facility: Corium


The objectives of the FOREVER (Failure Of REactor VEssel Retention) tests are to obtain multiaxial creep deformation and vessel failure data for the scaled reactor vessel geometry under prototypical thermal and pressure loading conditions during hypothetical severe accidents.


FOREVER program at KTH was concerned with the vessel integrity under the molten corium attack in the reactor lower plenum during a severe accident. Total 9 tests were performed in the FOREVER program, to simulate the behavior of the lower head of a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) under different conditions: French steel/American steel, with/without penetrations, with/without gap cooling.

The facility employs a 1/10th scaled lower head (hemispherical in shape and made of SA533B, American reactor steel) of 400 mm outer diameter and 15 mm wall thickness. A cylindrical shell of 15Mo3 German steel, of 400 mm height and thickness of 15 mm, was welded to hemispherical lower head to make a complete vessel.
Facility is in operation.

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