Experimental facility Figure &
A single sampler unit
The RUSET experimental programme was launched in 2002 at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute (AEKI). The aim of the program was to get data for assessment of ruthenium release at severe accident with air ingress. More than forty small scale tests have been performed with mixed powder components of inactive materials and with short fuel rods. The influence of temperature, air flow rate and the presence of other fission products on the gaseous Ru release and the retention role of fuel pellets and cladding have been investigated. The test series indicated that if an air ingress type severe accident occurs most of the initial Ru mass can be released from the reactor core to the containment or environment. Some part of the released gaseous Ru undergoes precipitation and deposits on the cold surfaces, another part is released in gaseous form. The deposited Ru oxides can serve as a secondary source for further gaseous Ru release.