The TOSQAN experimental vessel is a large stainless steel cylindrical enclosure (volume 7m3, height 4m, internal diameter 1.5m) with double walls. A coolant circulates in between the walls to regulate the wall temperature from 60 °C to 160 °C. Non radioactive aerosols, steam and non explosive gases can be injected at different controlled flow rates via diverse injection pipes located at different locations of the enclosure. Different instrumentation is used, namely PIV (particle image velocimetry), LDV (laser doppler velocimetry), rainbow refractometry, out of focus imaging and SRD (spontaneous Raman diffusion) spectrometry.
The experiment objective was to study the physical phenomena that affect hydrogen distribution in the reactor containment such as: steam wall condensation, heat mass and momentum exchanges with the sump or with the containment spray systems. These different phenomena have been studied during specific test phases.
TOSQAN facility is highly instrumented both in terms of measurement density and diversity. Most of instrumentation is based on innovative optical diagnostics, which allows to measure accurately and non-intrusively the multiphase flow composed of various gases (air, steam, and helium used as a surrogate of hydrogen), water droplets, and aerosols simulating the fission products.
Facility is in operation.