Responsible of Experiment
The main components of the facility are scaled about 1:18 linearly to a large European reactor: the containment pressure vessel (volume 14 m³), the RPV-RCS pressure vessel (0.08 m³), the cavity, the subcompartment, and the steam accumulator (0.08 m³).
The test facility consists of a slender cylinder with an effective inner diameter of 0.66 m bearing plane glass windows in the front and back sides. The upper part is occupied by the melt generator which leaves a 0.14 m wide annular space for the steam flow.
The QUEOS facility consists of the test vessel, the furnace and the valve system separating the two. The spheres are heated in an electric radiation furnace in an argon atmosphere. The spheres are discharged into the water with a drop height of 130 cm.
The ECO facility, housed inside the large FAUNA steel vessel, was designed for investigating energy conversion ratios up to 20 %, related to 10 kg of melt. In principle, it consists of a piston/ cylinder system having 4 m in the total height.
ARIGS is one of the programs on the aerosol retention on the tubes surrounding the breach within the secondary side of the steam generator in the absence of water. Its development has been internationally framed within the EU-SGTR and the ARTIST programs.
The RUSET experimental programme was launched in 2002 at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute (AEKI). The aim of the program was to get data for assessment of ruthenium release at severe accident with air ingress.
VITI (‘‘VIscosity Temperature Installation’’) experimental assembly: (1) VITI chamber, (2) graphite crucible, (3) ZrCcoating, (4) studied mixture, (5) graphite susceptor, (6) thermal shield, (7) support for crucible, (8) support for thermal shield, (9) inductance coil, (10) pyrometer – measure of
In the hypothetical case of a nuclear reactor severe accident, the reactor core could melt and form a mixture, called corium, of highly refractory oxides (UO2, ZrO2) and metallic or oxidized steel, that could eventually flow out of the vessel and mix with the basemat decomposition products (gener