• RECI

    The aim of the RECI (RECombiner & Iodine) program was to quantify the iodide → iodine conversion in realistic conditions of recombiner operation, albeit under the following constraints: the experiments were to be performed with non-radioactive substances, and without hydrogen.

  • PREMIX

    The PREMIX experiments have been performed to study the premixing of sizable amounts of very hot oxidic melts with water when being released as a jet in a reasonably characterized way and with full optical access. Alumina at 2600 K from a thermite reaction was used to simulate the corium melt.

  • KROTOS

    The KROTOS test facility is a relatively small scale experimental installation dedicated to the study of: (a) molten fuel-coolant pre-mixing either with prototypic reactor melts or simulants such as alumina up to 5 kg; (b) progression and energetics of spontaneous and triggered fuel-coolant interactions (vapor explosions).

  • FARO_S

    FARO (Furnace And Release Oven) experimental facility began the experiments of the LWR-MFCI phenomena in 1990 in collaboration with several reactor safety research organizations from European Union member countries and with the participation of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  • PHEBUS

    The PHEBUS FP (Fission Products) international research programme was conducted between 1988 and 2010. Its purpose was to improve the understanding of the phenomena occurring during a core meltdown accident in a light water reactor and to validate the computational software used to represent these phenomena in reactor safety evaluations.

  • VERCORS

    The VERCORS programme, which involves tests with short fuel-rod samples, has proved to be a rich source of information regarding FP release and tranport.

  • KAJET

    The experimental programme named KAJET is being performed to investigate features of a pressurized melt jet and the interaction with substratum material. Compact melt jets, rather than a spray-type melt release, are simulated using iron and aluminium oxide instead of corium. The melt is generated by a thermite reaction.

  • LOBI

    (LWR OFF-NORMAL BEHAVIOUR INVESTIGATION) A Reactor Thermal-Hydraulic Safety Research Programme carried out by the Commission of the European Communities at the Ispra Site of the Joint Research Centre.

  • CHIP

    The CHIP programme aims to reduce the level of uncertainty on radioactive iodine releases during a core meltdown accident in a nuclear reactor. The programme results will also be used to better define the means and measures to be implemented in order to limit such releases.

  • VULCANO

    The VULCANO facility is mainly composed of a furnace and a test section, which is thoroughly instrumented. In the experiments with prototypic material the furnace has the following characteristics:

  • STORM

    The STORM (Simplified Test On Resuspension Mechanism) facility was designed and operated by JRC-Ispra to work with high concentration of soluble and insoluble aerosol materials (up to 25 g/m3), a wide range of aerosol compositions, size distribution and density and high carrier gas and steam flow rate (about 1kg/s).

  • SIMECO

    SIMECO program at KTH was performed to investigate the heat transfer of natural convection in an internal heated liquid pool, simulating a molten corium pool which may be formed in the reactor lower plenum during a severe accident.

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At present time the JRC is engaged in the management of this new version of the STRESA tool to secure the European Union storage for severe accident experimental data and calculations.

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