• COLIMA

    Determination of the vaporization rate according to the composition and the thermodynamic conditions of the corium (with FP simulants) was the aim of the COLIMA (COrium LIquid and MAterials) experiments. The facility provided representative conditions of the aerosols suspended inside the containment of PWRs under a severe accident.

  • RUSET

    Experimental facility Figure &
    A single sampler unit

  • VERCORS

    The VERCORS programme, which involves tests with short fuel-rod samples, has proved to be a rich source of information regarding FP release and tranport.

  • ECO

    In case of a steam explosion, e.g. as a consequence of a severe reactor accident, part of the thermal energy of the melt is transferred into mechanical energy. At Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, the ECO experiments are being directed to measure the conversion factor under well-defined conditions. The programme was launched in 2000.

  • FOREVER

    The objectives of the FOREVER (Failure Of REactor VEssel Retention) tests are to obtain multiaxial creep deformation and vessel failure data for the scaled reactor vessel geometry under prototypical thermal and pressure loading conditions during hypothetical severe accidents.

  • TOSQAN

    The TOSQAN experimental vessel is a large stainless steel cylindrical enclosure (volume 7m3, height 4m, internal diameter 1.5m) with double walls. A coolant circulates in between the walls to regulate the wall temperature from 60 °C to 160 °C.

  • PHEBUS

    The PHEBUS FP (Fission Products) international research programme was conducted between 1988 and 2010. Its purpose was to improve the understanding of the phenomena occurring during a core meltdown accident in a light water reactor and to validate the computational software used to represent these phenomena in reactor safety evaluations.

  • PREMIX

    The PREMIX experiments have been performed to study the premixing of sizable amounts of very hot oxidic melts with water when being released as a jet in a reasonably characterized way and with full optical access. Alumina at 2600 K from a thermite reaction was used to simulate the corium melt.

  • VULCANO

    The VULCANO facility is mainly composed of a furnace and a test section, which is thoroughly instrumented. In the experiments with prototypic material the furnace has the following characteristics:

  • KROTOS

    The KROTOS test facility is a relatively small scale experimental installation dedicated to the study of:

  • KAJET

    The experimental programme named KAJET is being performed to investigate features of a pressurized melt jet and the interaction with substratum material. Compact melt jets, rather than a spray-type melt release, are simulated using iron and aluminium oxide instead of corium. The melt is generated by a thermite reaction.

  • LIVE

    Facility consists of the hemispherical test vessel, a volumetric heating system in the test vessel to simulate the decay heat, a heating furnace to generate and pour the simulated corium melt, and a multitude of instrumentation to characterize the status of the melt.

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About us

At present time the JRC is engaged in the management of this new version of the STRESA tool to secure the European Union storage for severe accident experimental data and calculations.

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