• ECO

    In case of a steam explosion, e.g. as a consequence of a severe reactor accident, part of the thermal energy of the melt is transferred into mechanical energy. At Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, the ECO experiments are being directed to measure the conversion factor under well-defined conditions. The programme was launched in 2000.

  • RECI

    The aim of the RECI (RECombiner & Iodine) program was to quantify the iodide → iodine conversion in realistic conditions of recombiner operation, albeit under the following constraints: the experiments were to be performed with non-radioactive substances, and without hydrogen.

  • Becarre

    Boron carbide rod degradation test and associated releases.

  • PHEBUS

    The PHEBUS FP (Fission Products) international research programme was conducted between 1988 and 2010. Its purpose was to improve the understanding of the phenomena occurring during a core meltdown accident in a light water reactor and to validate the computational software used to represent these phenomena in reactor safety evaluations.

  • COLIMA

    Determination of the vaporization rate according to the composition and the thermodynamic conditions of the corium (with FP simulants) was the aim of the COLIMA (COrium LIquid and MAterials) experiments. The facility provided representative conditions of the aerosols suspended inside the containment of PWRs under a severe accident.

  • VITI

    VITI (‘‘VIscosity Temperature Installation’’) facility has been developed to measure viscosity, density and surface tension on corium up to 2600 C by aerodynamic levitation. But it is also used as small crucibles heating for material interactions tests. Samples of less than 100 g can be studied in VITI.

  • ARISG

    The ARISG-I was developed to estimate the aerosol deposition in the near-field of tube breach under dry conditions. It was based on ‘filter concept’, which means that aerosol flowing through a bundle of obstacles is submitted to forces that tend to clean up the gas by removing particles onto obstacle surfaces.

  • LOBI

    (LWR OFF-NORMAL BEHAVIOUR INVESTIGATION) A Reactor Thermal-Hydraulic Safety Research Programme carried out by the Commission of the European Communities at the Ispra Site of the Joint Research Centre.

  • PREMIX

    The PREMIX experiments have been performed to study the premixing of sizable amounts of very hot oxidic melts with water when being released as a jet in a reasonably characterized way and with full optical access. Alumina at 2600 K from a thermite reaction was used to simulate the corium melt.

  • MOZART

    The Mozart analytical test program, conducted from 2005 to 2007, was dedicated to the study of oxidation in air of nuclear fuel cladding.

  • KAJET

    The experimental programme named KAJET is being performed to investigate features of a pressurized melt jet and the interaction with substratum material. Compact melt jets, rather than a spray-type melt release, are simulated using iron and aluminium oxide instead of corium. The melt is generated by a thermite reaction.

  • REKO

    The REKO-3 test facility allows the investigation of catalyst samples inside a vertical flow channel under well defined conditions comprising gas mixture, flow rate and inlet temperature.

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At present time the JRC is engaged in the management of this new version of the STRESA tool to secure the European Union storage for severe accident experimental data and calculations.

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