• DISCO-C

    The DISCO-C facility serves to investigate melt dispersal from the reactor pit when the reactor pressure vessel lower head fails at low system pressure of less than 2 MPa. The fluid dynamics of the dispersion process is studied using model fluids, water or bismuth alloy instead of corium, and nitrogen or helium instead of steam.

  • VITI

    VITI (‘‘VIscosity Temperature Installation’’) facility has been developed to measure viscosity, density and surface tension on corium up to 2600 C by aerodynamic levitation. But it is also used as small crucibles heating for material interactions tests. Samples of less than 100 g can be studied in VITI.

  • PCCS

    Passive Containment Cooling System (PCCS) removes residual heat from upper drywell of the containment to the liquid pool surrounding the PCCS heat exchanger. It also has an important role in mitigating the offsite dose by retention of a fission product release in the containment.

  • STORM

    The STORM (Simplified Test On Resuspension Mechanism) facility was designed and operated by JRC-Ispra to work with high concentration of soluble and insoluble aerosol materials (up to 25 g/m3), a wide range of aerosol compositions, size distribution and density and high carrier gas and steam flow rate (about 1kg/s).

  • LOBI

    (LWR OFF-NORMAL BEHAVIOUR INVESTIGATION) A Reactor Thermal-Hydraulic Safety Research Programme carried out by the Commission of the European Communities at the Ispra Site of the Joint Research Centre.

  • Epicur

    The Epicur programme (physicochemical studies on confined iodine under irradiation) aims at providing experimental data to validate the chemical models for iodine in the reactor containment under accident conditions. These models are integrated into the Iode model of the Astec computer code, jointly developed by IRSN and GRS.

  • FARO_S

    FARO (Furnace And Release Oven) experimental facility began the experiments of the LWR-MFCI phenomena in 1990 in collaboration with several reactor safety research organizations from European Union member countries and with the participation of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  • DEFOR

    The aim of the DEFOR (Debris Bed Formation) program is clarification of the phenomena that govern formation of the debris bed in different scenarios of corium melt release into a deep water pool and quantification of the debris bed properties related to coolability.

  • RECI

    The aim of the RECI (RECombiner & Iodine) program was to quantify the iodide → iodine conversion in realistic conditions of recombiner operation, albeit under the following constraints: the experiments were to be performed with non-radioactive substances, and without hydrogen.

  • KROTOS

    The KROTOS test facility is a relatively small scale experimental installation dedicated to the study of: (a) molten fuel-coolant pre-mixing either with prototypic reactor melts or simulants such as alumina up to 5 kg; (b) progression and energetics of spontaneous and triggered fuel-coolant interactions (vapor explosions).

  • SFRD

    Short fuel rod experiments were carried out in the framework of the EU 5FWP COLOSS Project. The simultaneous dissolution of UO2 pellets and ZrO2 by molten Zr was investigated with PWR and VVER samples.

  • MOZART

    The Mozart analytical test program, conducted from 2005 to 2007, was dedicated to the study of oxidation in air of nuclear fuel cladding.

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About us

At present time the JRC is engaged in the management of this new version of the STRESA tool to secure the European Union storage for severe accident experimental data and calculations.

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Use of STRESA

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