• PCCS

    Passive Containment Cooling System (PCCS) removes residual heat from upper drywell of the containment to the liquid pool surrounding the PCCS heat exchanger. It also has an important role in mitigating the offsite dose by retention of a fission product release in the containment.

  • ECO

    In case of a steam explosion, e.g. as a consequence of a severe reactor accident, part of the thermal energy of the melt is transferred into mechanical energy. At Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, the ECO experiments are being directed to measure the conversion factor under well-defined conditions. The programme was launched in 2000.

  • Epicur

    The Epicur programme (physicochemical studies on confined iodine under irradiation) aims at providing experimental data to validate the chemical models for iodine in the reactor containment under accident conditions. These models are integrated into the Iode model of the Astec computer code, jointly developed by IRSN and GRS.

  • ISTP

    This programme sets out to reduce uncertainties when evaluating the environmental release of radioactive products such as iodine or ruthenium following a core meltdown accident in a pressurised water reactor (PWR).

  • CHIP

    The CHIP programme aims to reduce the level of uncertainty on radioactive iodine releases during a core meltdown accident in a nuclear reactor. The programme results will also be used to better define the means and measures to be implemented in order to limit such releases.

  • PARIS

    The general experimental procedurewas to establish the desired composition of gases in 1-L glass flasks, optionally to add surface coupons, to irradiate the glass flasks at given dose rates until the desired doses were reached, and to subsequently determine the final air radiolysis products concentrations by an off-line method.

  • MISTRA

    The MISTRA facility is a steel cylindrical vessel with a top flat cap and a curved bottom. The internal volume is 99.5m3, the internal diameter - 4.25m, the height - 7.4m. The vessel is thermally insulated, but the wall temperature is not controlled.

  • PREMIX

    The PREMIX experiments have been performed to study the premixing of sizable amounts of very hot oxidic melts with water when being released as a jet in a reasonably characterized way and with full optical access. Alumina at 2600 K from a thermite reaction was used to simulate the corium melt.

  • HIPE

    Two-phase flow test facility was constructed to study the applicability of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Wire-Mesh Sensors (WMS) for different types of single- and two-phase flows

  • VULCANO

    The VULCANO facility is mainly composed of a furnace and a test section, which is thoroughly instrumented. In the experiments with prototypic material the furnace has the following characteristics:

  • PRELUDE

    This facility comprises a water supply pipe, a quartz test section (110, 180 or 290 mm diameter) in which the debris bed is placed, together with its instrumentation, and a steam relief pipe. It is used to conduct refl ooding tests by means of injecting water onto a bed of metal particles heated by induction.

  • PAKS

    The OECD-IAEA Paks Fuel Project aimed to support the understanding of fuel behaviour in accident conditions on the basis of analyses of the Paks-2 event. Numerical simulation of the most relevant aspects of the event and comparison of the calculation results with the available information was carried out between 2006 and 2007.

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At present time the JRC is engaged in the management of this new version of the STRESA tool to secure the European Union storage for severe accident experimental data and calculations.

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